There are many possible causes of vision problems in children, from infancy up to adolescence. Eye screening is thus an integral part of routine paediatric check-ups so that these conditions can be detected and treated early.
Many of these conditions are inherited and as such, a child with a family history of these vision disorders should be screened early and regularly. Siblings of the affected child should also be screened thoroughly.
Also known as 'lazy eye', amblyopia is poor vision in an eye that did not develop normal sight in early childhood. This may be due to other eye disorders such as refractive errors, squint or other conditions that obstruct vision such as a droopy eyelid or cataract. If untreated, amblyopia can lead to irreversible loss of vision in the affected eye.
All these should prompt a thorough check-up with an eye doctor as early detection and treatment would allow for better preservation of sight and in the case of retinoblastoma, may be life-saving as well.
The eye doctor, working hand-in-hand with the parents or caregivers, will be able to help decide which is the best form of vision correction for the child. There should also be regular follow-ups to monitor any vision changes or review the corrective methods accordingly as the child grows and develops.